Knitting Abbreviations

A sortable and searchable table of abbreviations used by hand knitters.

AbbreviationDescription
altalternate
approxapproximately
begbeginning
betbetween
BObind off
byobackward yarn over
CCcontrasting color
cncable needle
contcontinue
decdecrease
dpndouble-pointed needles
follfollow
incincrease
kknit
k1Bknit stitch in row below
k1tbl or k1 tbKnit 1 Through Back Loop. Also called the twisted knit stitch.

This will make a “y” looking stitch instead of a flatter “v”.

The knitting is twisted and more stretchy.
k2togknit 2 stitches together; single right-leaning decrease
K3togright-slanting double decrease

Knit three together. It involves knitting three stitches together as though they were one stitch. Completing a k3tog creates a double decrease in your knitting because where once there were three stitches; there is now only one stitch. This decrease slants to the right. To work a k3tog, insert your right needle through 3 stitches at once from left to right and complete the knit stitch as usual.
kfbknit 1 into front and back of a stitch; single knit increase
kspknit 1 stitch, slip this stitch from right needle to left needle, pass second stitch on left needle over first stitch and off left needle; return stitch to right needle; single right-leaning decrease
kwiseknitwise
LHleft hand
lploop
mmarker
M1make one stitch knitwise; single knit increase
M1Kmake one stitch knitwise; single knit increase
M1Lmake one left; single left-leaning knit increase
M1lpmake one left purlwise; single left-leaning purl increase
M1Rmake one right; single right-leaning knit increase
M1rpmake one stitch purlwise; single right-leaning increase
MCmain color
ppurl
p2ssopass 2 slipped stitches over
p2togpurl 2 stitches together; single decrease
patpattern
pattpattern
pfbpurl 1 into front and back of a stitch; single purl increase
pmplace marker
prevprevious
pssopass slipped stitch over
pwisepurlwise
remremaining
reprepeat
rev St streverse stockinette stitch
RHright hand
rndround
RSright side
S1KP2slip 2 stitches as if to knit 2 together, knit 1, pass 2 slipped stitches over knit stitch; centered double decrease
SK2Pslip 1 knitwise, knit 2 together, pass slip stitch over knit 2 together; double left-leaning decrease
SKPslip 1 knitwise, knit 1, pass slip stitch over knit stitch; single left-leaning decrease
slslip
sl1, k2tog, psso (or SK2P)left-slanting double decrease

Slip one, knit two together, pass one over. Slip one stitch as if to knit. Insert right needle through 2 stitches at once from left to right and complete knit stitch as usual. Pass your slipped stitch over the single stitch left after knitting the two stitches together. This creates a left-slanting double decrease, decreasing from three stitches to one stitch.
sl1kslip 1 knitwise
sl1pslip 1 purlwise
sl2, k1, p2sso (or S2KP2)centered double decrease

Slip two, knit one, pass two over. Slip two stitches together as if to knit, knit one stitch, then pass the two slipped stitches over the stitch you just knit. This results in a centered double decrease.
sl stslip stitch
smslip marker
sskslip 2 stitches knitwise, knit these 2 stitches together through back loops; single left-leaning decrease
sspslip 2 stitches knitwise, return these 2 stitches to left needle and purl them together through back loops; single left-leaning decrease
SSPP2slip 2 stitches knitwise, return these 2 stitches to left needle and then slip them as if to p2tog through back loops, purl 1, pass 2 slipped stitches over purl stitch; centered double decrease
ssskslip 3 stitches knitwise, knit these 3 stitches together through back loops; double left-leaning decrease
ssspslip 3 stitches knitwise, return these 3 stitches to left needle and purl these 3 stitches together through back loops; double left-leaning decrease
ststitch
St ststockinette stitch
tblthrough back loop
tflthrough front loop
togtogether
w&twrap and turn
WSwrong side
wyibwith yarn in back
wyifwith yarn in front
ybyarn back
yfyarn forward
yfwdyarn forward
yoyarn over
yonyarn over needle
yrnyarn round needle
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